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Animal Breeder

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High school preferred +

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What They Do

Animal Breeders Career Video

About This Career

Selects and breeds animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

This career is part of the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources cluster Animal Systems pathway.

A person in this career:

  • Feeds and waters animals, and cleans and disinfects pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
  • Observes animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercises animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
  • Treats minor injuries and ailments and contacts veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
  • Purchases and stocks supplies of feed and medicines.
  • Selects animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics.
  • Examines animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury.
  • Builds hutches, pens, and fenced yards.
  • Records animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets.
  • Brands, tattoos, or tags animals to allow animal identification.
  • Places vaccines in drinking water, injects vaccines, or dusts air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying objects
  • Using abdominal and lower back muscles repeatedly or over time without tiring

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Animal Technician
  • Artificial Insemination Technician (AI Technician)
  • Breeder
  • Dog Breeder — Breeds, raises, buys and sells purebred dogs and puppies.
  • Large Herd Specialist
  • Artificial Inseminator


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