Conducts research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or studies the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.
This career is part of the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources cluster Plant Systems pathway.
A person in this career:
- Communicates research or project results to other professionals or the public or teaches related courses, seminars, or workshops.
- Develops methods of conserving or managing soil that can be applied by farmers or forestry companies.
- Provides information or recommendations to farmers or other landowners regarding ways in which they can best use land, promote plant growth, or avoid or correct problems such as erosion.
- Conducts experiments to develop new or improved varieties of field crops, focusing on characteristics such as yield, quality, disease resistance, nutritional value, or adaptation to specific soils or climates.
- Investigates soil problems or poor water quality to determine sources and effects.
- Investigates responses of soils to specific management practices to determine the use capabilities of soils and the effects of alternative practices on soil productivity.
- Conducts experiments to investigate the underlying mechanisms of plant growth and response to the environment.
- Identifies degraded or contaminated soils and develops plans to improve their chemical, biological, or physical characteristics.
- Develops new or improved methods or products for controlling or eliminating weeds, crop diseases, or insect pests.
- Provides advice regarding the development of regulatory standards for land reclamation or soil conservation.